General Rules

Pronunciation

Here are some general rules on the pronunciation of letters in Italian.

Letter

Pronunciation

o

o

i

e

e

ae (eh)

Letter

Pronounciation

ge

ghe

jeh

geh

gi

ghi

G (hard G)

ghee1

Letter

Pronounciation

ce

che

cheh

keh

ci

chi

che

key

Plurals (Plurali)

Singular ending letter

Plural ending letter

o (male)

i

e (ambiguous)

i

a (female)

e

NB: An ending letter of e is ambiguous.  It can either be feminine plural (e.g. gambe (legs) comes from gamba (leg)), or it can be a singular irregular of either gender.

Articles ('The') Singular

Articles ('The') Plural

il (male)

i

lo (male before word beginning with 'impure s'2, 'gn', 'pn', 'ps', 'x', 'z')

l' (male before word beginning with a vowel)

gli

la (female)

l' (female before word beginning with a vowel)

le


1Like the garment in Ju Jitsu

2An impure s is an 's' in combination with another consonant.  e.g. lo stomaco, lo sbaglio

Last Modified: Sun, 01 Feb 2015 09:59:33 GMT

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Copyright 2017 Colin Stewart

Email: colin at owlfish.com